In 2013-2014, India’s leather exports grew by 18 percent, which fell to 9 percent a year later. In 2015-2016, mainly footwear exports to the United States, EU countries, Hong Kong and China reached $ 6 billion, which fell to $ 5.6 billion annually. There was a 19% drop in exports in 2016-2016, according to trade sources.
Not only are exports going south, but the country that left with what could have been India’s share is none other than China. It certainly cannot bring much joy to the Indian establishment.
Chinese exports grew 3% in 2016-2017 and continued to grow, according to reports. Thus, the Indian government ended up making China richer and stronger economically.
Second, it is not only China that has been helped by the policies initiated by Delhi. India unwittingly helped Bangladesh achieve remarkable self-sufficiency by strengthening its livestock development sector. The Bangladeshi media regularly publishes glowing stories about how beef production has increased by leaps and bounds. For the first time in decades, Bangladesh can meet its annual demand for beef / buffalo on its own. It is no longer necessary to import cattle from India.
With the purchasing power of the population increasing steadily over the years, Bangladeshis are consuming more locally grown milk and dairy products, some of which were previously imported. According to some recent reports, the country’s annual meat demand was around 11 million metric tons. On the other hand, the number of cows and buffaloes now exceeds 1.15 crore for the first time. The key to this has been the rapid establishment of nearly 600,000 livestock farms, with all the help and facilities.
There are press reports of how marginal farmers, owning only 1 acre of land or less, raising rice, jute or vegetables, bought young calves which they raised for a few years before taking them. sell for around 70,000 TK each. Such sales are commonplace especially before the annual Eid festivities.
Thus, Bangladesh has significantly strengthened its livestock development program and has become self-sufficient. It is currently considering exporting milk and related products abroad.
In media headlines, Bangladeshi newspapers ironically thanked India for its decision to ban the export of cattle, although initially there were laments over the beef which was getting more expensive. A spokesperson for the Bangladesh Livestock Department recently said India’s ban had become a major challenge for its neighbor.
The question inevitably arises: How could India’s powerful policymakers, who promised the country a savings of $ 5,000 billion soon, fail to anticipate the likely long-term outcome of their decision to ban the export of livestock?
It is undeniable that for both humanitarian and economic reasons, it makes perfect sense to protect the Indian herd whenever necessary and to strengthen it further. This argument has been heard regularly by supporters of the ban. Unfortunately, the facts on the ground in India do not inspire confidence in their rhetoric.
It is by no means certain that the Indians really take care of the cow in a special way. If they had, they would have dealt with the problem of the continued abandonment of aging livestock in a more humane way. When it comes to caring for the cow – buffaloes are invariably ignored for some reason – emotional rhetoric hardly matches any organized initiative to improve the living conditions and feeding of animals.
As soon as the animals stop giving milk, the butchers knives are out. Cow owners are in a desperate hurry to get rid of their animals. At worst, they are sold in secret to slaughterhouses where killing old cows is done illegally or otherwise. At best, the animals are simply let loose, on the roads and fields, where they wreak havoc until benevolent benevolents feed them for a period of time through sporadic or preoccupied individual efforts.