When the weather is right, playing and exercising outside is incredibly beneficial for children. physical and mental welfare. High temperatures and heat can children sick very quickly for various reasons. Dehydration, heat exhaustion, heat cramps and heat stroke are adverse effects. Extreme heat can bother children and their caregivers. Due to climate change, excessive heat is becoming more common, inducing “eco-anxiety” or emotional anguish.

To keep your child as cool as possible, watch for any concerning symptoms and contact your pediatrician if any appear. In hot weather, babies and young children should be closely supervised. Sweating makes them lose body fluids quickly, which can lead to dehydration. They should drink frequently, wear light clothing and stay cool. Babies and toddlers may not show heat signs and symptoms exhaustion until they got very sick. They may seem sicker or more irritable than normal. Babies may seem limp, have dry skinrefusing to drink or getting less wet layers than usual. The fontanel (the soft area on top of a baby’s head) may also be lower than normal.

Are there any warning signs or symptoms to watch out for?

If your child has any of the following symptoms, contact your pediatrician immediately:

  • Dizziness

  • Extreme exhaustion (eg, unusual drowsiness, drowsiness, or difficulty waking up)

  • Headache

  • Fever

  • Intense thirst

  • Decreased urination and burning urination

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Unusual breathing

  • Numbness or tingling of the skin

  • Muscle pain

  • muscle spasms

What precautions can we take?

There are different ways to beat the heat and protect your child from heat-related illnesses and risks:

Hydrate your children: Encourage them to Drink water regularly and easily accessible, even before they ask. If you go out, bring bottled water. In hot weather, infants who are breastfeeding should be fed more frequently, but not water, especially during the first six months of life. Formula-fed babies may receive additional formula.

Sunscreen is essential: It is suggested that children over six months old use a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher and reapply every two hours. Children under six months should not be exposed to the sun and should be kept in the shade at all times. Be aware that even if sunscreen protect your child from harmful UV rays, it will not protect them from the heat.

Dress your children in light clothing: Opt for light and light clothing with a single layer of absorbent material to allow perspiration to evaporate as quickly as possible. Sweating ability in children is lower than in adults. Make sure you have enough sunscreen on hand.

Make extra rest time a priority: The heat can tire youngsters (and their parents). High temperatures can not only make individuals drowsy, but also make them irritable. Come inside to costs yourself, rest and drink water frequently.

Keep your child cool: If your child’s body Temperature is high, give him a cool bath or a stream of water to relieve the heat. Swimming is another fantastic way to stay active and cool off. To avoid drowning, children should always be supervised when swimming or playing in water.

Never leave your child in a car: Even with the windows open, a car’s interior can become dangerously hot in a short time.

Other causes

Certain medications can increase your child’s sensitivity to the sun, increasing their risk of heatstroke. If your child is taking any of these medicines, talk to your pediatrician and pharmacist to see if there are other precautions you should take.

In hot weather, sick newborns and children need special attention. Even with minor illnesses like colds or gastroenteritis, newborns and small children require special attention. These disorders often cause a slight increase in temperature on their own, but this can lead to dehydration in hot weather.

If your baby is sick, you should breastfeed frequently and drink plenty of fluids. Try frequent lukewarm showers or sponging your newborn or toddler with a cold facial cleanser to cool down a warm body. If there is no improvement or you are concerned, seek emergency medical attention.

(The author is the Head of Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Fortis Hospitals, Bannerghatta Road, Bengaluru.)

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