Hybrid electric vehicles combine the advantages of gasoline engines and electric motors. They can be built to achieve a variety of goals, such as better fuel economy or increased horsepower.

Most hybrids use advanced technologies such as regenerative braking, electric motor drive or assist, and automatic stop and start.

However, four-wheeler manufacturers are now introducing hybrid electric options in the mid-size vehicle category.


For example, in India, Honda unveiled a hybrid version of its City sedan, with a full hybrid system including two massive electric motors and a large battery in the trunk. Meanwhile, as part of Suzuki Motors’ global relationship with Toyota, India’s Maruti Suzuki is developing a powerful hybrid car, and other vehicles are expected to be developed through the technology collaboration of the two Japanese automakers.

But there are a few reasons behind this growing interest. It is believed that hybrid vehicles are cheaper than battery electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles do not depend on a large charging infrastructure, which worries electric vehicle buyers in the country.

As reported, Maruti Suzuki India CEO Hisashi Takeuchi said that while EVs are a good option, hybrids can also make a big contribution and moreover they are not very expensive.

He told The Indian Express: “Hybrid is a technology that can greatly contribute to the CO2 emissions situation in India and even without infrastructure we can develop the market as it does not need charging infrastructure. We will introduce powerful hybrid products in the not so distant future.”

Maruti Suzuki now offers four vehicles with “mild hybrid” technology which are the Ertiga, Ciaz, S-Cross and Vitara Brezza.

Additionally, the automaker recently announced the release of its BEV by 2025, as well as the construction of a battery manufacturing facility near its Gujarat plant.

However, Honda’s new City e:HEV features two massive electric motors, making it potentially more fuel efficient than other compact sedans.

The powerful electric motors are connected to a 1.5-litre 4-cylinder petrol engine in Honda’s hybrid system. One of the car’s two on-board motors is primarily used as an electrical generator, while the other is used for propulsion.


It should be noted here that hybrid vehicles have been developed and marketed by automotive engineers since the late 1800s; but, due to the higher cost of mass production, their market popularity remained low.

However, automakers continue to research and develop new hybrid technologies in order to meet stricter emissions regulations.

These vehicles are powered by two motors – gasoline and electric – and both help each other turn the wheels. As a result, less gasoline is burned, which improves fuel efficiency.

Compared to traditional vehicles, hybrids offer more power and fuel economy because they combine the advantages of low emissions and high fuel efficiency. When hybrid vehicles drive or brake, additional electricity is generated, which is used to charge the batteries. As a result, better energy efficiency or better autonomy is possible.

The main distinction between a hybrid vehicle and an electric vehicle is that the hybrid uses both an internal combustion engine and an electric motor to power its wheels, while electric vehicles draw their energy from a single source, the motors. electrical.

While hybrid vehicles offer better fuel efficiency or longer distances or ranges, electric vehicles have yet to reach their full potential. That said, electric vehicles emit fewer pollutants than hybrid vehicles that rely on an internal combustion engine.

Likewise, while hybrid cars do not need charging infrastructure, it is a major requirement for electric vehicles. Currently in India, due to the lack of such infrastructure, the electric vehicle revolution is hitting a snag.

According to data released by the Federation of Automobile Dealers Associations, only 17,802 electric cars were sold in the country in the fiscal year 2021-22 (April-March), with the majority of them being low-power electric vehicles. battery, against a total of 27.26 lakh passenger vehicles sold during the year.

However, automakers use various hybrid designs to achieve maximum fuel efficiency or to keep hybrid car prices as low as possible.

Parallel, series, plug-in, dual mode and mild hybrid are the types of hybrid cars.

But it should be noted that one of the obstacles to the potential success of hybrid vehicles in India is the taxation system.

Hybrid vehicles are currently subject to a 28% GST on models under four meters in length and a 43% tax on those over 4 meters. In comparison, battery-electric vehicles like Tata Motors’ Nexon and Hyundai’s Kona SUV receive government subsidies under the FAME program to promote electric vehicles.

This tax arbitrage therefore also means that battery electric vehicles will be more affordable for automotive consumers for the time being.

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